almost parallel but converge at the tip). Each flower cluster develops into a bumpy ball of hard, red fruits in the fall. Native Dogwood has been crossed with Kousa Dogwood (Cornus kousa) to create some beautiful cultivars, including “Venus” and “Starlight.” These cultivars are more resistant to anthracnose. All Pacific Dogwoods should be planted in sunny locations with good air circulation to minimize disease problems. Common: Dogwood. It is an impressive sight– Pileated Woodpeckers and Flickers in a Dogwood tree feasting on the berries! It often forms more than 1 stem as the tree develops. A harbinger of spring in parts of the country that enjoy mild winters, flowering dogwood trees boast an abundance of pink, white or red flowers long before the first leaves appear in spring. This tree’s beauty continues into other seasons with red berries, pinkish fall foliage, and an attractive branching pattern. Pacific Dogwood                                                                    The Dogwood Family–Cornaceae, Cornus nuttallii Audubon ex Torr. In the Pacific Northwest, some of the plants that closely associate with red-twig dogwood include western redcedar (Thuja plicata), Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii), vine maple (Acer circinatum), alder (Alnus spp. ), willow (Salix spp. A tried and true favorite that is becoming a popular street tree in Seattle is the hybridized Pacific Northwest native, Eddie’s White Wonder Dogwood. Dogwoods Three Dogwood trees and a couple of shrub species are found in the eastern or Midwestern United States. Scarification and a warm stratification at 60ºF (15ºC) for 60 days followed by a cold stratification at 40ºF (4ºC) for 3-4 months may hasten germination. Pacific dogwood needs excellent drainage, deep, humus rich soil, not too much summer watering, minimum to no pruning and shade on its trunk to avoid sunscald. Fruit ripens-September to October. Kousa Dogwood. are noted for opposite leaves whose veins turn dramatically toward the apex The Cornus sericea, better known as the red osier dogwood, is a great Pacific Northwest tree for your garden. Phenology: Bloom Period:  April-June, flowering may occur again in late summer. by large showy bracts that look like flower petals; range from white, to Flowering crabapple (Malus): An easy-care tree that's covered in bundles of purple … Many people are willing to accept this risk in order to enjoy the spectacular floral display this tree provides in the spring. You can treat these by spraying them off with a powerful stream of water and applying Neem Oil to your tree. Upright, deciduous tree. Flowering dogwood ( C. florida ) is moderately susceptible but is severely damaged under conditions ideal for disease development. Another small tree that is sure to dazzle visitors year-round is the kousa dogwood (Cornus kousa), a native of Japan. loop between leaf clusters; fruits are orange to red. Propagation:   Seeds should be collected in fall, removed from their fleshy fruit covering and planted immediately into outdoor seed flats. Red-Twig Dogwood is extremely variable; many cultivated varieties are available varying in stem color, size, and leaf variegation. Avoid sprinkler irrigation. The early flowering Pacific dogwood is a round-headed tree that grows up to 50 feet high and 20 feet wide. Let’s look at how to grow dogwood trees. The Pacific dogwood makes a beautiful specimen tree but dogwood leaf blotch has restricted its use. Since they grow only 15 to 30 feet (4.6-9 m.) tall, there is room for a dogwood tree in almost any landscape. Large, glossy green leaves. Borers are another insect that will feed on Dogwood trees. or see "Trees to Know The tiny, greenish, purple-tinged flowers are pressed into tight hemispheric clusters. Characteristics: The genus is made up of trees… Crown Publications, Victoria, BC. Like the other dogwood trees featured in this article, the kousa dogwood is known for its toughness. It offers a pleasing seasonal progression, and will contribute to your landscape all year long. Clark's Native Trees & Shrubs Clark's Native Trees & Shrubs Clark's Native Trees & Shrubs ... shrubs, berries and grasses that help beautify our state. These clusters are surrounded by 4-6 white (sometimes pink-tinged) bracts, creating a showy inflorescence with the appearance of one large flower. Grown just for you. This tree was created in the 1950s in Vancouver, B.C. Flowering dogwoods range in color from white to pink or red and generally bloom for about two to four weeks in early spring. Illustrated Flora of British Columbia, Volume 4 (Dicotyledons). Fruits It was named after Thomas Nuttall, an English botanist and zoologist. Typical parallel veining pattern of a dogwood leaf, turning red in fall. Besides growing in the Pacific Northwest, Pacific dogwood can also be found in the mountains near San Diego and Los Angeles, and a small number also Pacific dogwood: grows Small mammals and birds such as grosbeaks, cedar waxwings, and woodpeckers eat the fruit. in Oregon". Fruits are bright red and approximately 10 mm … Pacific Dogwood is also very susceptible to a fungus disease called Dogwood Anthracnose. Native Plants of the Pacific Northwest. Distribution: Red-Twig Dogwood is found throughout most of northern and western North America, extending into Mexico in the west; but barely into Kentucky and Virginia in the east. For Flowers occur in tight clusters 1.5-2 cm (0.6-0.8 inches) wide and are subtended by 4-8 conspicuous white bracts 2-7 cm (0.8-2.8 inches) long. **Use of articles and photos on this site is permitted for educational purposes only. Chinese dogwood. by hybridizing the west coast native Cornus nuttallii and the east coast native Cornus florida to create an exceptionally disease-resistant tree. FURTHER INFORMATION AND REFERENCES Clark, L.J., 1976. Deciduous Tree A fantastic tree for Pacific Northwest gardens. Pacific dogwood (Cornus nuttallii), also known as western or mountain dogwood, is native to Northern California and the Pacific Northwest, and grows in USDA zones 7 through 8. Here in British Columbia, the Pacific Dogwood flower was adopted as the official provincial floral emblem in 1956. In the Landscape: This attractive tree is often one of the most sought after native for gardens, but unfortunately larger specimens do not transplant well, and it is sometimes difficult to grow in containers. Flowering dogwoods (Cornus florida) are deciduous trees native to the eastern half of the United States.These trees can add year-round beauty to the landscape. Upright, deciduous tree. when Maple leaves are a wonderful source of natural shade in the Pacific Northwest. Habitat: Pacific Dogwood prefers moist, well-drained sites and is most often found as an understory tree in fairly open, mixed forests. I find it comforting that our native dogwood’s genetic material lives on in trees like C. ‘Eddie’s White Wonder,’ a cross between the Pacific dogwood and C. Florida, the Eastern dogwood. Red Osier Dogwood. Growth: Pacific Dogwood usually grows to about 20-30 feet (7-10m), but can grow to be 90 feet (30m). pink, to red. Cornus kousa Milky Way Zone 5 Chinese Dogwood. Masses of milky-white floral bracts cover the entire tree in June. Growth: Pacific Dogwood usually grows to about 20-30 feet (7-10m), but can grow to be 90 feet (30m). by scientific name dichotomous more information on the dogwoods native to the Pacific Northwest, go to the species page Pacific dogwood (Cornus nuttallii) – sometimes called Western or mountain dogwood – has even larger bracts and is also incredibly showy in spring.The bad news: Only denizens of the Left Coast can enjoy this beautiful native tree. Aphids have been known to feed on the plant tissue of these trees. Distribution: Pacific Dogwood is found from southwest British Columbia, western Washington and Oregon and on the west slopes of the Californian mountain ranges. Several species are native to the Pacific Northwest. WTU Herbarium Image Collection, Plants of Washington, Burke Museum, E-Flora BC, Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia, USDA Forest Service-Fire Effects Information System, Native Plants Network, Propagation Protocol Database, Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn. Pacific dogwood (Cornus nuttallii) is very susceptible. Notable varieties include Flaviramea, a yellow-twig form; Isanti, a compact form (to 5) with bright red stems; Kelseyi, a dw… Tall, flowering, Pacific Dogwood trees are most glorious when they are pressed up against the edge of a Douglas Fir forest. Home Forums > Pacific Northwest of North America > Outdoor Gardening in the Pacific Northwest > Plant Dogwood tree now or in Spring? Pest: Dogwood trees can have a couple of pest issues from time to time. Wildflowers of the Pacific Northwest. Keeping the tree stress free is the best prevention for this disease. branches are straight; fruits are white (will not be further described Of the 45 species of dogwood that exist in the Small trees may sometimes be available in specialty nurseries but they are usually in short supply. Western dogwood: grows only as a shrub; does not have large, showy petals surrounding each flower; densely packed flowers. Pacific dogwood (C. nuttallii), flowering or Eastern dogwood (C. florida) dogwoods are more prone to several fungal diseases such as anthracnose, which can … Evergreen Press, Vancouver, BC. informational sites contact us. Vine Maple prefers moist to soggy soil and turns orange to … Grow your own Pacific Dogwood (Cornus nuttallii), a lovely understory tree featuring trademark white blooms! If you want a pretty tree… Go for the Pacific Dogwood (Cornus nuttallii), a small native Western Washington tree that graces views with stunning white and yellow flowers in the spring. Red fruits in the Fall. The variety found west of the Cascades, C. s. occidentalis, tends to be more hairy. Distribution of Pacific Dogwood from USGS ( “Atlas of United States Trees” by Elbert L. Little, Jr. ). Pacific dogwood is a deciduous tree growing up to 20 meters tall (66 feet) with a smooth dark bark. key mystery Chinese Dogwood. Relationships: There are about 100 dogwood species worldwide found primarily in temperate regions. 4. ), aspen (Populus tremuloides), paper birch (Betula papyrifera), gooseberries (Ribes spp. It is also possible to propagate by layering. Douglas, G. et al, 1999. Of these, only two species - one tree and one shrub - are native to the Pacific Northwest, although many others have been introduced for ornamental purposes. introduced for ornamental purposes. as a tree; has large, showy "petals" surrounding each flower; branches simple, opposite, and deciduous with arcuate veins (arching veins that are In our region, besides the Pacific Dogwood, we have a shrub, Red-Twig Dogwood, Cornus sericea, and a groundcover, Bunchberry, Cornus canadensis. Names: Pacific Dogwood is also known as Western Flowering Dogwood. Numerous tiny, tightly-clustered flowers are surrounded Pacific dogwood is cold hardy to Zone 6; kousa dogwood to Zone 5. In the Pacific Northwest, we have the native Cornus nuttallii (aka Pacific, Mountain or Western Flowering Dogwood) which was named after the British botanist Thomas Nuttall (1786-1859).Thomas Nuttall studied many of the native plants in N. America in the early 1800s. Origin: 45-50 species native to Asia, Europe and North America. The wood has also been used to make thread spindles, golf club heads and piano keys. Grows to 3m high and 1.5m wide in 10 years. world, tree, website Germination may take 18 months or more. It may live to be 150 years old. trees Of the 45 species of dogwood that exist in the world, 13 are native to North America. Trees will flower in the spring and often again in the fall. Pacific dogwood (Cornus nuttallii) is very susceptible. & A. they by common name trees The dogwood is a species of tree that’s one of our favorites at Mr. Tree. *All photographs on this site were taken by Dana, Edmund or Sky Bressette unless otherwise noted. reach the margin, and for large, showy flower "petals". There is also a disjunctive population in northern Idaho. It may live to be 150 years old. Of these, only two species - one tree and The mountain dogwood (sometimes known as Pacific dogwood) is a medium-sized deciduous tree that has an excellent tolerance for shady locations and dry, drought conditions. chinensis has been quite susceptible in some studies). here). In late spring, showy bracts atop green foliage engulf the tree. 13 are native to North America. Use by wildlife: Deer and elk will browse the leaves. It is often considered the western version of the flowering dogwood, but with this plant, the white flowers are quite large and the fall color is yellow, orange, or red. Cornus nuttallii - Pacific Dogwoods have huge white flowers on tall, impressive trees. Use by People: Natives used the hard, dried wood for harpoon shafts and other implements. Description Northwest native plant enthusiasts enjoy the beautiful spring bloom of the Pacific Dogwood but not the leaf disease which leads to browning and shedding. Drought tolerant. are bright red or orange cherry-like drupes (like small cherries). ), black hawthorn (Crataegus douglasii), lupine (Lupinus spp. Petals are greenish white and often tinged purple. Leaves are oval, pointed at the tip, 4-10 cm (1.6-3.9 inches) long, deep green in color, and have parallel veins. It’s a relative of the flowering dogwood, and as you can imagine, it also blooms in great colors. Morphology: This Northwest native deciduous tree can grow to a mature height and width of over 50 feet. Leaves are authors order Westen Mountains and Pacific Northwest Trees and Shrubs Acer circinatum is a small understory tree better known as Vine Maple . Gray. Pacific dogwood (Cornus nuttallii) (click on each photo to enlarge image) ... trees by common name trees by scientific name dichotomous key mystery tree. Diagnostic Characters: The Pacific Dogwood leaves have the veining pattern typical of all dogwoods, where the nearly parallel secondary veins branch from the midvein and curve towards the tip as they near the leaf edge. Flowering dogwood (C. florida) is moderately susceptible but is severely damaged under conditions ideal for disease development. a book "Trees to Know" more This disease causes large brown blotches on the leaves and will also cause twig dieback. Native to the Pacific Northwest. It is resistant to anthracnose, powdery mildew, and other diseases, as well as having some drought resistance. Habitat: Pacific Dogwood prefers moist, well-drained sites and is most often found as an understory tree in fairly open, mixed forests. Like most dogwoods, they have opposite leaf arrangement. Discussion in ' Outdoor Gardening in the Pacific Northwest ' started by monkeygirl , Oct 31, 2020 . The best defense is a healthy tree. 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