You can see how Khim families moved over time by selecting different census years. Music historians report[citation needed] that the salterio, a hammered dulcimer, was played in Portugal, Spain, and Italy during this period. Thai musical instruments are varied and reflect ancient influence from far afield – including the klong thap and khim (Persian origin), the jakhe (Indian origin), the klong jin (Chinese origin), and the klong kaek (Indonesian origin). The Thai and Cambodian khim are nearly identical in their construction, having been introduced to those nations by southern Chinese musicians. These are only rules of thumb since the arrangement has to be modified towards the extremes of the pitch range to fill out notes in the chromatic scale. There are 14 groups of strings on the khim, and each group has 3 strings. We are passionate about our goal to be the global leader in Grains and operating responsibly across the agricultural, food, industrial and financial markets we serve. Softwood has a light texture which helps creating the sound.[1]. This is the latest design with two bridges, 7 notes and 42 strings, which is also called a fancy khim. Use the “Crossword Q & A” community to ask for help. [1] At the end of the Ayutthaya period, Thai people obtained the knowledge of how to build and play early versions of the khim from China. It is being hitched on the hitch pins on the left side of the sound box. Standard size that is popular among the primary students for beginning lessons. The Australian-born musician and vocal artist Lisa Gerrard specialises in the use of a khim hammered dulcimer, featuring its music on several albums and performing with the instrument live on tour. During playing, one is supposed to strike the strings on the left side of the bridges. With 112.1 shaken and 112.2 scraped. The mallets of the santur also differ from those of the yangqin – they are made of wood with finger grip, designed to let the players perform by gripping the two mallets between their fore and middle fingers. This introduced instrument (it is of Chinese origin) is used in secular music making, most often as a member of the mohori ensemble that provides music for banquets and accompaniment for newer folkloric dances. Since the 1950s, however, steel alloy strings (in conjunction with copper-wound steel strings for the bass notes) have been used, in order to give the instrument a brighter, and louder tone. The main character could play the khim very well, and the adaptations popularised the instrument with the song, "Nang Kruan". (Enter a dot for each missing letters, e.g. Another theory of how the yangqin came into contact with the Chinese is through the Silk Road from Mongolia. Curt Sachs (1881–1959) was a German musicologist known for his extensive study and expertise on the history of musical instruments. Overall, the khim has a total of 42 strings. In the playing of traditional Chinese music, most Chinese yangqin players use a numerical notation system called jianpu, rather than Western staff notation. Lowest note ล (La2 or A2) left side, bass bridge. The khim (Thai: ขิม, pronounced [kʰǐm]; Khmer: ឃឹម Khum) is a stringed musical instrument derived from the Mesopotamian or Persian Santur. https://www.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/liberalarts/article/viewFile/15189/13932, Traditional Cambodian musical instruments, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Khim&oldid=987985550, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 November 2020, at 11:42. The last name Khim is predominantly found in Asia, where 98 percent of Khim reside; 98 percent reside in Southeast Asia and 87 percent reside in Khmer-Asia. People who play this type of khim should be the musician who has a high degree of performance skill. musical instruments - A plucked, seven-string Chinese musical instrument of the zither family, favoured by scholars and the literati in ancient times. The instruments are also sometimes known by the names "santoor" and "cymbalom". On both sides of the yangqin, aside from the tuning screws, are numerous cylindrical metal Nuts that can be moved for fine tuning the strings or to raise the strings slightly to eliminate unwanted vibrations that may occur. The ships from this region bought back precious stones, slaves, exotic wares, fruits, spices, etc. This page was last edited on 15 October 2020, at 21:55. Along with trade, businesses, ideas, philosophies and scientific knowledge were exchanged, including religion (principally Buddhism). Hammered dulcimers like the khim represent the ancient invention of strings getting beaten by hammers, which resulted in the western piano as well as the various dulcimers in Southeast Asia. The Iranian santur, a dulcimer, has existed since ancient times. The Khim family name was found in the USA in 1920. Khim is a variant of the name Kim (English and Vietnamese). IPA: /ɡuːˈtʃiːn/ Noun. Both modern and earlier yangqin mallets did not include finger grips. Portuguese trading in Chinese waters began in the 16th century according to historians. that it was invented without foreign influence by the Chinese themselves. KHIM INTEGRATED is committed to reducing our environmental impact and improving the communities where we live and work. Khim is the one of students interesting because Khim is a unique instrument and favorite that can be played solo and with the band. Glissandos can also be achieved in this way by running the ends of the sticks up or down the strings. “P.ZZ..” will find “PUZZLE”.) 林沖夜奔 (Lin Chong Flees In The Night), composed by 項祖華 (Xiang Zu Hua), is a representative solo piece which utilizes 雙音琴竹. Historians state that Portuguese, and later, English and Dutch ships, had brisk trade with China. Such an arrangement facilitates transposition. [1] It was later changed, in 1910, to the character "yang" (揚), meaning "acclaimed". The yangqin was traditionally fitted with bronze strings (though older Chinese stringed instruments used silk strings, resulting in their, and the yangqin's, categorisation as a silk, or "si" instrument), which gave the instrument a soft timbre. Origin & history From Mandarin 古琴 (gǔqín), made up of 古 ‘ancient’ and 琴 ‘stringed instrument’. This shape is the original shape which was from China. California and 2 other states had the highest population of Khim families in 1920. [2], This shape is the smallest size which contains two bridges with 7 notes (in khim, one note means 3 strings join together) and 42 strings. Life Lesson & Challenge: In the case of the name Khim, since the first vowel is 'I', the life lesson has to do with this person noticing the opinions of the peers they work with, whilst the life challenge touches on stopping themselves from looking for negative signals where there aren't any. It didn't come over on the Mayflower or any other ship of British origin.  It has many forms and variations of design, style and use around the world. While the popularity of Chinese opera was rising, the instrument became popular due to its use within the opera group and this helped to further familiarise Thai people with the khim. The sticks are held, one in each hand, and hit the strings alternately. The khim’s string is a brass 24 gauge string. The modern yangqin can have as many as five courses of bridges and may be arranged chromatically. The name Khim is ranked on the 5,626th position of the most used names. Middle C is located on the tenor bridge, third course from the bottom. That is the reason to study Khim performance for Thai Music Students from Rajabhat Universities in Bangkok. Examples include pressing down on the strings to produce vibrato effects, similar to that of a guzheng, as well as harmonics and 顫竹 (chàn zhǔ), which involves flicking the sticks lightly over the strings, causing them to vibrate, which results in a short, quick tremolo. It is very attractive for children as it looks like a toy for them and the size of this shape is suitable for small children as well. Due to their unique construction, there are two ways to play: with the rubber side for a softer sound, and with the bamboo side for a crisper, more percussive sound. This technique, known as 反竹 (fǎnzhǔ), is best utilized in the higher ranges of the yangqin. It is played with two flexible bamboo sticks with soft leather at the tips to produce a soft tone. Khim has two bridges and there are many notes on the bridge bases on the different type of khim[1]. Khim is derived from Old English origins.  The Khim will continue to develop and change as it has been shown by the evolution of the dulcimer from a Chinese instrument into the Thai Khim. Hammered dulcimers of various types are now very popular not only in China, but also Eastern Europe, the Middle East, India, Iran, and Pakistan. These more comples instruments were given names of altered and combined words, and such instruments became know as "rana-t" , "khaw-ng wong" and so forth. The khim came to China from Persia during the Ming-Qing dynasty (1368-1911) and was popular in the northeast of the Kwang Tung territory. The Percussion family is separated into 3 main groups, the … They also made circular instrument stand which held a series of small metal gongs. There are usually four to five bridges on a yangqin. The player inserts a type of wrench on the pins that stick up from the sides, but only turns the pins on the right side. The port at Canton/Guangzhou attracts traders from all over Asia: from Japan, India, Southeast Asia, and the Middle East. The yangqin has also been modified, much like an electric guitar, to be an amplified electronic instrument. He was struck by an arrow fired by a member of Túrin's outlaw band when he and his family were set upon near their home at Amon Rûdh. This was about 33% of all the recorded Khim's in the USA. While the popularity of Chinese operawas rising, the instrument became popular due to its use within th… As the yangqin is a type of hammered dulcimer, it shares many elements of construction with other instruments in the hammered dulcimer family: Modern yangqin usually have 144 strings in total, with each pitch running in courses, with up to 5 strings per course, in order to boost the volume. This is popular among khim musicians because it has more selection on sound. The instrument's antiquity belies the fact that it was a relative latecomer to the American South. Wiki content for Khim Khim - The khim (Thai: ขิม, pronounced [kʰǐm]; Khmer: ឃឹម Khum) is a stringed musical instrument derived from the Mesopotamian or Persian Santur. However, the strings on the "chromatic bridge" are struck on the right, and strings on the "left bridge" can be struck on both sides of the bridge. Idiophones set in motion by a percussion action, including 111. directly struck instruments, 112. indirectly strucked. [1] This khim was introduced to Cambodia, Laos and Thailand from China, where a similar (though, since the late 20th century, usually larger) instrument is called yangqin It is played with two flexible bamboo sticks with soft leather at the tips to produce a soft tone. This is made for professional musicians and only used for special occasions. Are you looking for more answers, or do you have a question for other crossword enthusiasts? There are 2 main types of string instruments, plucked and bowed. Furthermore, some songs require the use of "雙音琴竹" (shuāng yīn qín zhǔ), literally "double-note yangqin hammers". The khim is a hammered dulcimer from Cambodia. The purpose of this research were to … Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Thai Khim Asian Hammer Dulcimer W/case Master Craftsman-made Instrument NOVICA at the best online prices at … It can be tuned to the level of international scale as it has many strings. The instrument's lid, which is made from the same block of wood as its resonator, has relief carving in the style of Khmer shadow puppets. in periods of rest), covering the strings with the hands quickly dampens the vibrations.  The Khim (Dulcimer) is a musical instrument of the world not just China and Thailand. Tuning this instrument is very easy but time consuming. Spirituality Charge: Distinguished 1982: The Times, 25 May 1982, p.10 col. C There are 14 groups of strings on the khim, and each group has 3 strings. During the 16th century, the Age of Exploration in Europe reached its climax and soon trade was established between China and Europe. This was the origin of the xylophone type of instrument. Using a various type of wood to build the soundbox. He, his father, and his brother Ibûn were the last of the Petty-dwarves in Middle-earth. To construct the soundboard, softwood is the best selection to construct the soundboard. When was the first name Khim first recorded in the United States? The technical structure of the santur is different in the way the tuning pegs are place, the bridges and the mallets. As the yangqin is softer than other Chinese instruments, it is usually positioned at the front of the orchestra, in the row just in front of the conductor. See also the related category english. Also remember that other Cambodian instruments are of Chinese origin: khim zither, the various bicorde fiddles (tro), or the big barrel drum skor thom, known in Cambodia since the Angkorian period. 59. A boy playing a khim The instrument was introduced to Thailand and Cambodia from China, where a similar (though, since the late 20th century, usually larger) instrument is called yangqin; the khim produces a significantly softer sound. Learn more about the word "Khim", its origin, alternative forms, and usage from Wiktionary. [citation needed] If the hands are free (e.g. How unique is the name Khim? The bridge of the yangqin consist of long, single pieces of wood with many protruding "stubs" supporting the strings unlike the santur, which uses a number of small, individual chesspiece-like bridges. Hoorah! This shape is often painted with deep or bright color, and children who play the khim usually stick the cartoon sticker on the box. 11. [citation needed], Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Hou Yilan plays Manchu Countryside Capriccio (金翎思-滿鄉隨想), Composed by Hanli Liu, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Yangqin&oldid=983726140, Articles with weasel words from March 2008, Articles needing additional references from November 2006, All articles needing additional references, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles containing simplified Chinese-language text, Articles containing traditional Chinese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2007, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2007, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, that the instrument may have been introduced by land, through the, that it was introduced by sea, through the port of. These specially-constructed hammers have 2 striking surfaces, allowing the player to play up to 4 notes simultaneously (or even 8 notes, if the strings of the "left bridge" and "tenor bridge" are struck at a point where they intersect each other), resulting in a rich, powerful tone, which is especially pronounced in the lower registers due to the strings' long echoes. The Khim in Thai culture: Adoption ana Adaptation. The 66-string khim is a large instrument and very heavy. Later, the … Sound holes are the holes on the soundboard to enhance the bright sound and prevent the humidity in the soundbox which creates the swelling of the wood. However, this is not a rule: the Singapore Chinese Orchestra positions the yangqin close to the percussion section. The khim (pronounced "kim," with a rising tone, in Thai) is a hammered dulcimer from Thailand and Cambodia. As the yangqin's tones sustain long after they have been played, such an arrangement minimizies the dissonance that results. It is made of wood and trapezoidal in shape, with brass strings that are laid across the instrument. This khim was introduced to Cambodia, Laos and Thailand from China, where a similar (though, since the late 20th century, usually larger) instrument is called yangqin It is played with two flexible bamboo sticks with soft leather at the tips to produce a soft tone. They have 3 families of instruments, the wind, percussion, and string instruments. The hitch pins are on the left side of the sound-box and tuning pins are on the right side. From the past until these days, the popularity of this shape is still increasing. The pitches are arranged so that in general, moving one section away from the player's body corresponds to a transposition of a whole tone upwards. Middle note ล (La3 or A3) right side, treble bridge. Khîm was a Petty-dwarf, was the son of Mîm and brother of Ibûn. There are many different varieties of Instruments from Thailand. It is thought to have chinese origin as the sounds are similar to chinese strings. "butterfly zither") played in the traditional silk and bamboo genre from the Shanghai region known as Jiangnan sizhu (江南絲竹), as well as in some Cantonese music groups. The yangqin's solo repertoire calls for more techniques than is usually required in orchestral pieces. 58. The name Khim has four characters. Khim (small hammered chinese dulcimer) Saw Sam Sai (three stringed fiddle) Since the 20th century some western instruments have been used occasionally, such as the violin and the organ. There are 42 pins on each side. Turning the pins on the left side can cause the string to break. From right to left, they are: bass bridge, "right bridge", tenor bridge, "left bridge", and the chromatic bridge. Though Thailand was never colonized by Western powers, pop This shape is the bigger size of khim with two bridges and 9, 11, or 15 notes. A professional musician often carries several sets of beaters, each of which draws a slightly different tone from the instrument, much like the drum sticks of Western percussionists. When using 雙音琴竹, the left hand holds a beater that plays intervals of a perfect fourth, while the right hand's beater plays thirds. More modern designs also have moveable ball-shaped nuts that can be adjusted on the fly with the fingers; this provides some microtuning and additional dynamics during performances, such as portamentos and vibratos (see below: "Manner of Performance"). You are a unique individual. Struck idiophones. This form of instrument is still occasionally heard today in the "hudie qin" (蝴蝶琴, lit. Jintana, B. It is made of wood and trapezoidal in shape, with numerous brass strings. At the end of the Ayutthaya period, Thai people obtained the knowledge of how to build and play early versions of the khim from China. 50 Answers for the clue Musical instrument on Crossword Clues, the ultimate guide to solving crosswords. This instrument, along with its rise in popularity, came along with various other goods in trading arrangements with Chinese merchants. At a glance, the Silk Route stretches almost 5,000 miles reaching from China to the Middle East, including Iran (Persia). It is made of wood, with brass strings that are laid across the instrument. Khim is irregularly used as a baby girl name. Traditional instruments, with three or more courses of bridges, are also still widely in use. The music of India had penetrated into the Mon (southern Burma) and Khmer (Cambodia) cultures previously. Highest note ล (La4 or A4) left side, treble bridge. This instrument can be played by either sitting down on the floor with the khim on the floor, or by sitting on a chair or standing while the khim is on a stand. Numerous other techniques, such as portamento – a glide from one note to another (accomplished through 2 methods, both involving the lengthening or shortening of strings: the first is by sliding the fine-tuning devices on the sides of the instrument by hand, and the second is by wearing a metallic "ring" – known as a 滑音指套 [huá yīn zhǐ tào] – and sliding it along the length of the indicated string) – are also used. Then the player turns the wrench which tightens or loosens the string to the desired pitch. The bridge is a wooden device for the stringed musical instrument which support their strings and transfers the vibration from the strings to the other structural of the instrument. Idiophones are instruments which make sound primarily by way of the instrument itself vibrating without the use of membranes or strings. Historians offer several theories to explain how the instrument was introduced to China: The word "yangqin" has historically been written in two different ways, using different Chinese characters for "yang". (2007). The yangqin has been called the "Chinese piano" as it has an indispensable role in the accompaniment of Chinese string and wind instruments. The trapezoidal yangqin (simplified Chinese: 扬琴; traditional Chinese: 揚琴; pinyin: yángqín) is a Chinese hammered dulcimer, likely derived from the Iranian santur or the European dulcimer. Additionally, the ends of the sticks can be used to pluck the strings, producing a sharp, clear sound. Pronunciation. "foreign zither"), but over time the first character changed to 揚 (also pronounced "yáng"), which means "acclaimed". This instrument, along with its rise in popularity, came along with various other goods in trading arrangements with Chinese merchants. Players of these dulcimers are well reputated for their high playing skills, whether it is a Persian Santoor player or a Thai khim soloist.. Pictures (click to enlarge): Traditional Thai musical instruments (Thai: เครื่องดนตรีไทย, RTGS: Khrueang Dontri Thai) are the musical instruments used in the traditional and classical music of Thailand.They comprise a wide range of wind, string, and percussion instruments played by both the Thai majority as well as the nation's ethnic minorities.. The yangqin is used both as a solo instrument and in picture. It is also the 24,103 rd most frequently used first name globally It is held by 35,288 people. The hammers are made of flexible bamboo, and one end is half covered by rubber. The strings come in various thicknesses, and are tied at one end by screws, and at the other with tuning pegs. The khim came to China from Persia during the Ming-Qing dynasty (1368-1911) and was popular in the northeast of the Kwang Tung territory. We estimate that there are at least 52700 persons in the world having this name which is around 0.001% of the population. The yangqin is a chromatic instrument with a range of slightly over four octaves. These intervals are standard over most of the yangqin's range, due to the positioning of its strings. The oldest recorded birth by the Social Security Administration for the name Khim is Saturday, July 2nd, 1904. This instrument had an influence on the Thai classical instrument, known as Khim (ขิม). If you haven't solved the crossword clue khim yet try to search our Crossword Dictionary by entering the letters you already know! This Khim was introduced to Cambodia, Laos and Thailand from China, where a similar (though, since the late 20th century, usually larger) instrument is called Yangqin. Sachs worked alongside Erich Moritz von Hornbostel (1877–1935), an Austrian musicologist and expert on the history of non-European music. Musical instruments have undoubtedly been at the heart of commercial and cultural transactions. The instrument's strings are struck with two lightweight bamboo beaters (also known as hammers) with rubber tips. It is played with two flexible bamboo sticks and is used as both a solo and ensemble instrument. It used to be written with the characters 洋琴 (lit. The pegs and screws are covered during playing by a hinged panel/board. Thai instruments The Thais had instruments of their own and some were from China such as the khim dulcimer, malaw cymbal and klawng jin drum. The yangqin's tuning pins are set in parallel instead of a 90-degree angle down at the side. The khim produces a bright and expressive sound when played. From 1880 to 2018 less than 5 people per year have been born with the first name Khim. Historians say[citation needed] it is possible that the yangqin originated when the Portuguese, the English or the Dutch brought a dulcimer player to China who performed for locals.[1]. In the orchestra, the yangqin often adds to the harmony by playing chords or arpeggios. It means that this name is commonly used. [1], The khim was an especially popular instrument from around 1970-2004 because it was a central part in the Thai novel Khu Kam, which was later produced as a drama series and movie. This trapezoid-shaped khim is very convenient to carry because it is a portable khim that is easy to carry. It is also spelled yang quin or yang ch'in. This panel is opened up during tuning to access the tuning pegs. It is similar to the Hammered Dulcimer or Cimbalom. Similarly, moving one section towards the left of the performer generally corresponds to a transposition of a perfect fifth upwards. In 1920 there was 1 Khim family living in California. If any dulcimer was to influence China by land, it is likely to be this instrument. This khim was introduced to Cambodia, Laos and Thailand from China, where a similar (though, since the late 20th century, usually larger) instrument is called yangqin It is played with two flexible bamboo sticks with soft leather at the tips to produce a soft tone. The "yang" in the earlier version was written with the character 洋, meaning "foreign". This instrument had an influence on the Thai classical instrument, known as Khim (ขิม). As a solo and with the song, `` Nang Kruan '' slightly over four octaves this trapezoid-shaped khim irregularly. A light texture which helps creating the sound box or khim instrument origin the with! Thicknesses, and khim instrument origin group has 3 strings Iran ( Persia ) history! Also known as 反竹 ( fǎnzhǔ ), covering the strings on Thai... Traders from all over Asia: from Japan, India, Southeast Asia, and end. That is easy to carry and Europe solving crosswords, producing a sharp clear... 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Had an influence on the left of the yangqin is used both as solo. Easy but time consuming China and Thailand, much like an electric guitar, to an.