(gross), © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. The architectural constraints are additionally considered and novel solar energy convertors with different shapes and colors are presented and discussed. P. Device for Energy (Solar Cell, Power Device, Battery, etc.) Our group research focuses on the development of materials and structures that can be used for harnessing solar energy either through the photovoltaic effect (solar cells) or by photo-catalysis (artificial photosynthesis). Solar thermal systems have several advantages. English. Specific solutions, including case studies of systems implemented on buildings all over the world, are presented and analyzed for electrical and for thermal energy production and the main differences in the systems design are outlined. Concentrated solar power systems use lenses or mirrors and solar tracking systems to ��� Perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have attracted tremendous attention of researchers in the photovoltaic fields. Thermoelectrics: Direct Solar Thermal Energy Conversion - Volume 33 Issue 4 - Terry M. Tritt, Harald Böttner, Lidong Chen. New concepts have emerged forming a rather powerful picture embracing the mechanisms and limitation to efficiencies of different ��� We cannot run out of solar energy, unlike some of the other sources of energy.. D. level (in Materials Science and Mechanical Engineering). This outstanding advance of the PSC was possible on the basis of various advantages of the perovskite as a light absorber, such as the high light absorption coefficient, excellent charge-carrier mobilities for both electrons and holes, easily tunable band-gap energy, and various facile synthetic processes for the perovskites. These cells arrest the sun���s energy and convert it into electricity. Summary The course will provide fundamentals and technological details of solar energy conversion devices and systems, including 1) solar fuels by photoelectrochemistry, photocatalysis, and solar thermochemistry, 2) solar electricity by PV and concentrated solar power, and 3) solar heat by solar collectors. The conversion efficiency (thus the output) and the main causes of energy losses are considered in both cases. Welcome to the Solar Energy Conversion (SEC) Cluster website. Such phenomena have, until recently, been beyond the reach of ��� Using all these resources, many other grants and contracts were developed focusing on the development of novel solar-thermal collectors implemented in the built environment (grants: EST IN URBA, 28/2010 and MATSOL-T, 277/2006) or on the implementation of photovoltaic systems on buildings or in communities (PLATSOL – PV, 752/2006 or EMAX-BIPV/131/2015) or on novel advanced wastewater treatement processes activated by solar radiation (FOTOCOMPLEX, 71-047/2007; NANOVISMAT 162/2012). In this method a central receiver situated at the top of a tower receivers concentrated solar energy reflected from a field of mirrors (or hemostats) which are arranged in some regular manner around the base of a tower. enable JavaScript in your browser. JavaScript is currently disabled, this site works much better if you In addition, the solar energy ��� The specific issues raised by the implementation location are discussed, including the climatic profile distorted by the buildings, the available surface on the buildings for implementation, etc. Solar panels are inflexible modules made of silico��� To extend the use of this newly developed knowledge and training line, various adults training projects supported the development of specialized courses for teachers (Comenius 2.1. projects: SEE EU Tool, CO: Prof. Ion VISA and CHEMINC, CO: Prof. Anca DUTA) and for different professionals (e.g. Among these there can be mentioned the grant Product Design for Sustainable Development (CNCSIS Platform, 79/2006, 1.89 million EUR, CO: Prof. Ion VISA) that supported the development and updating of the R&D Infrastructure in the Centre. Solar Energy Conversion Research Cluster. The TC is called Sustainable Energy Systems (CO: Prof. Ion VISA) and aims at implementing the complex concept of “sustainability” for mechanisms and mechanical systems, by defining energy efficiency, along with renewables and clean energy in industry and society. More than 30 grants financed by national and EU research programs supported this activity. As one of thin film solar cell, Cu(InGa)(SeS)2 (CIGS) CIGS solar cells display a high optical absorption coefficient, tunable band gap energy, long-term chemical stability, and a high efficiency. Solar Panels The solar panels or photovoltaic cells are used for the conversion of (solar energy) light into electric current (DC) using the photovoltaic effect. Unlike solar thermal technologies, solar PV relies on sunlight, which means that when the sun does not shine electricity is not produced. In this paper we propose a configuration of a solar, e.g., photovoltaic, power plant, which allows for additional agricultural use of the land involved, although the collectors are optimized for solar-energy conversion. This book focuses on solar energy conversion systems that can be implemented in the built environment, at building or at community level. This book also discusses the seasonal and diurnal variability of the solar energy resource in parallel with the variability of the electrical and thermal energy demand in the built environment (particularly focusing on the residential buildings). Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells is intended as a vehicle for the dissemination of research results on materials science and technology related to photovoltaic, photothermal and photoelectrochemical solar energy conversion.Materials science is taken in the broadest possible sense and encompasses physics, chemistry, optics, materials fabrication and analysis for all types of materials. J.R. Brownson, Solar Energy Conversion Systems (SECS), Chapter 12 - "Systems Logic of Devices: Patterns" We are jumping far, far ahead to see where we can take the concept of a Solar Energy Conversion System in society. The solar energy is converted into electrical energy called as Solar Power Energy, and this conversion process takes place by using using solar panels, charge controller, battery and inverter. Research on advanced energy conversion devices such as solar cells has intensified in the last two decades. Reading Assignment. Our lab develops materials and strategies for three approaches for harnessing solar energy: 1) photovoltaics, 2) solar-to-fuel conversion, and ��� The author summarizes and critically discusses photoelectrochemical solar energy conversion and its storage. Used as a heating material, the external solar���thermal energy conversion efficiency of the h���G foam impressively reaches up to ���93.4%, and the solar���vapor conversion efficiency exceeds 90% for seawater desalination with high endurance. The RESREC Centre was and is the nucleus of a coherent activity, both in education and in research. The quest for developing a sustainable built environment asks for specific solutions to provide clean energy based on renewable sources, and solar energy is considered one of the cleanest available energy on Earth. Solar power is the conversion of energy from sunlight into electricity, either directly using photovoltaics (PV), indirectly using concentrated solar power, or a combination. The relationships between the solar resource, society and our supporting environment, both biological and inorganic, are expressed as an ecosystem. Solar Energy Conversion: An Introductory Course is a collection of papers that deals with the technical, mechanical, and operation concerns in converting solar energy. prof. dr. eng. Theoretically, QDSSCs can achieve a maximum power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 44%. Based on the experience gained in this grant, in 2009 a structural funds project was granted to the Transilvania University of Brasov, RDI Institute High Tech Products for Sustainable Development, (POSCCE, ID123, 22 million EUR, CO: Prof. Ion VISA) and allowed the development of the R&D Institute of the University, with a specific focus on renewable energy systems implemented in the built environment, consisting of 11 low energy buildings and high level infrastructure fully dedicated to research. Moreover, multiple exciton generation (MEG) can further improve solar-cell efficiency. With renewables implemented in the built environment likely to expand in the near future, this book represents welcome and timely material for all professionals and researchers that are aiming to provide efficient and feasible solutions for the sustainable built environment. Based on the R&D results and on the capability of extending these results towards education and training, the authors’ group is well involved in EU structures as the European Sustainable Energy Innovation Alliance, ESEIA (where Prof. Visa is Vice-President); additionally, Prof. Visa was the main proposer of a new Technical Commitee (TC) in the frame of the International Federation for the Promotion of Mechanism and Machine Science, IFToMM. One important advantage of solar PV is it that utilizes the most abundant renewable energy resource on the planet, the sun. 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